The ger, a home of a few Mongolians with a vast territory, looks like a white mushroom from the sky. The ger is not only a unique piece of architecture that is the face of our country, but also contains the traditional astronomy and cultural heritage of Mongolia. Of all the forms of existence, the strongest and most perfect is the round form. The yurt woods are consists of foldable walls, roof, crown as a window, pillars, floor, and door. Yurt wood is used for an average of 15 years and felt for 5 years. In ancient times, our kings were lived in gers with 8, 10, and 12 panels. According to historical record, the largest ger was the great Bat-Ulzii ger in 1651 which was equal to the size of 80 gers at Erdene Zuu Monastery.
1. Mongolian yurts have the highest air exchange rate. This is because every time a person enters or leaves a ger, the air is constantly exchanged between the door and roof, and the old steam inside the ger is released and replaced by new steam, so that the person living inside the ger can always breathe fresh air.
2. Mongolian yurts have a unique ability to retain heat. Because it is not made of any metal, instead it is made of sheep’s wool felt and wood, so it is very good for human health, has no side effects and “breathes” itself. Scientists have studied that sheep’s wool felt has a high thermal conductivity and is able to retain heat very well in the cold of winter.
3. Yurt is the most earthquake-resistant housing. Also, in the event of a flood, it is safe for human life because it flows through the wall when the surface is raised. It is round in shape, it can withstand field winds and storms while being secured with ropes. The load capacity of the ger is estimated at about 300 kg. Capable of withstanding wind speeds of 150 km / s.
4. Yurt can be built and disassembled in less than an hour, making it easy to move and transport.
5.It is also eco-friendly because Mongolians keep their ger built place clean when they move, therefore the land recovers very quickly. This is the reason why Mongolia’s nature has remained the same for hundreds of years.
6. Mongolian yurt are capable of sound insulation. This is because in a ger with a round wall and a roof, the sound waves travel the same distance, so there is no distortion.