Mongolian archeologist. Born in 1974 in Ulaanbaatar. He graduated in history and archeology at the National University of Mongolia in 1995. In the same year, he started to work at the Institute of History and since 2002 has been working as a senior research fellow, head of a Department at the Institute of Archeology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences. In 2004, he received a Ph.D. title on his dissertation titled” Elaborating the archaeological survey method” (on the example of the Egyin Gol area). Then in 2007 became an assistant professor at Ulaanbaatar University. He published several monographs including “Archeological monuments of the Egyin Gol basin” (with Ts.Turbat and U.Erdenebat, 2003), “Archeological study conducted on the political structure of ancient nomads” (with W.Honeychurch, 2006), “Archeological study conducted in Dundgovi province: Baga Gazryn Chuluu”. Moreover, he published over 50 scientific articles and over 20 papers for conferences. During archeological investigation conducted at Egyin Gol (1996-2000), Khutag-Undur soum, Bulgan province, at Baga Gazryn Chuluu (2003-2008), Dundgovi province, in the Umnugovi province territory he discovered and studied many burials and settlements of the Xiongnu period.
Last emperor of Rouran. Also named Amgai. He has ascended the throne as an Emperor in 520 but descended very soon due to a rebellion. Then he reigned as an Emperor again with the honored title “Tengert mendtei (that is “(A person who) has the destiny to make a greeting to Heaven” as meaning). He defeated the rebels and made the state pacify. The disintegration of the Wei Dynasty in 534, caused by an uprising, bought an advantageous situation to his empire. However, in 552, the fact that Turkic vassals of Rouran called to ask a marriage and heard a negative answer was the reason for their revolt and his suicide.
The ancestor of the Mongols
(Social structure, Culture, and Ethnogenesis of the Xiongnu 4th century BCE- 2nd century CE), Author G.Sukhbaatar, Ulaanbaatar, 1980, 298 pages. A monograph on the Xiongnu study. Structure: Introduction, 5 chapters, conclusion, and appendix. The author used the historical and archeological sources and scientific works widely for his monograph. He considers that Xiongnu society was the whole organism and he attempted to describe whole problems of socio-economic, cultural, and ethnogenesis of the Xiongnu. Also studied Xiongnu economic basis animal husbandry and its methodology and he wrote that: Xiongnu had a classic nomadic economy and they loaded some cultural elements from neighboring countries and besides they extended their culture. The main achievement of this monograph, the author studied Xiongnu ethnogenesis and clarified the ethnic linkage between Xiongnu and later Xianbei, Rouran, Turk, Kidan, Uighur, and the Mongols. He confirmed that Xiongnu, Rouran, and Xianbei have ethnic linkages of the Mongol nation and have a relationship of socioeconomic and cultural development.
G.Sukhbaatar confirmed by historical facts that, Xiongnu believe in shamanism and live in Mongolian nomadic lifestyle, thus, Mongolia has been developed by a separate socio-economic formation way since the Xiongnu period.