The Mongolian language belongs to the Altaic language family, together with the Manchu and Tungus languages. There are today around seven thousand languages spoken on earth. They are divided into twenty-six language families. The Mongolian language has many dialects, including Mogol, Mongor, Dunsyan, Baoani, Shar Uigar, Daguur, Halimag, Ojrad, Buriad, Central Mongolian and Southern Mongolian. These living Mongolian dialects have come down to us through folklore and oral literature. Mongolians have created innumerable intangible expressions in our own language. This language is, in fact, an inexhaustible treasure that reflects the subtle inventive thinking of the Mongolians. This thinking is expressed in the Mongolian folklore, traditional art, customs, and habits, which have been transmitted through many generations to our own.
According to the views of scholars, this abundant treasure of folklore can be divided into several types: folk oral literature, folk prose literature, drama, and festival folk literature. Mongolians created great epics, such as the Secret History of Mongols, the Geser, Jangar and Khan Kharangui. These epics feed the romantic, adventure-seeking, and aesthetic needs of present day audiences.
1) Ancient Roots
The first marvel of the Mongolian language is its ancient roots, which stretch back to a period when the ancient Sanskrit language was the language of Buddha and Mahavira, and of the Hindu gods Brahma and Vishnu of India. While over seven thousand other world languages have disappeared within the past four hundred years, the Mongolian language has survived and thrived.
2) Dominant Language in 13 th Century
The second marvel of the Mongolian language is its interaction with the languages of the Asian and European continents during the period of Mongol domination from the thirteenth to the fourteenth centuries. Mongolian was as dominant a world language in the thirteenth century as English is today.
3) Rich Lexicology of Mongolian Language
The third marvel of the Mongolian language is its phonemic, morphological and syntactic harmony, its flexibility, and its unusually rich lexicology.
4) Embody of Notions
The fourth marvel of our native language is its ability to embody the visionary ideas and notions. Scholars of the Mongolian language are committed to further reveal this language’s subtle distinctions, which will be great contributions to Mongol Studies.
The wondrous melody of the Mongolian language is harmonious to our ears; It is connected to the brilliant feats of our astute ancestors.
The sound of the language inspires my pride and reverence;
Every moment I admire and revere the genius of our ancestors.
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