Statesmen and diplomats of the Chinese Han Dynasty. Famous for faithful in Chinese history, and renowned by the policy for Xiongnu. In 100 BCE, Wudi Emperor appointed him as a second general of a palace safety and an officer of Xiongnu affairs. Wudi sent messengers headed by Su Wu to Xiongnu in 101 BCE and asked the peace treaty as the vassal state of the Han Dynasty. During his stay at the court, SU Wu tried to organize a coup-d[etat but it was revealed and sentenced to hard punishment or to surrender to Xiongnu. Su Wu did not accept the surrender and sent for exile far away to Baikal Lake. However, the state barely has forgotten him for 19 years but took back him by the special contract.
Although the Xiongnu preferred to avoid close-range fighting. they were equipped for it, as is shown by occasional archeological finds of the appropriate weapon types. there are two swords have been found in the territory of Mongolia.
Sword-1: It is has been found in the tomb No.5 at Baruunkhairkhan Uul near Ulaanbaatar city. Length 67.7 cm, thickness 0.5 cm, length at handle 1.9 cm, thickness 1 cm, and weight 160 gr. It is double-edged and has a spiky and thin point. the sword was placed in a wooden sheath but due to lack of preservation, the sheath was damaged very much. even though the surface of the sword is corroded considerably it has been kept very good. This sword is being kept at the Institute of Archeology, MAS.
Sword-2: It has been found in a burial excavated in Khovd province. Length 69 cm, shoulder width 1.3 cm, grip length 16 cm; it has a 3.3 diameter ring on the point. The sword is considerably corroded and damaged even though it was initially placed in a wooden sheath covered with leather and fabric. According to these words, these have a straight blade with two edges and a hilt without a guard.
Though some authors have referred to the term “sabers”, this is a misleading description therefore the right use of the term will make further research easier. As noted in the Mongolian dictionary a sword is a double-edged, straight weapon made of steel that places in a sheath/scabbard.
One Chinese source described the Xiongnu as “using bows and arrows from a distance, but using spears with iron handles when closer in”. an iron sword decorated with the Chinese characters “Zhong Dao” or “A Soldier’s Knife” has been found in the Baikal region, suggesting that the Xiongnu may sometimes have used Chinese-made weapons. Other Eurasian steppe warriors of the time, for example, the Sarmatians, were skillful swordsmen who, on at least one occasion, defeated the Xiongnu. When fighting the Xiongnu the Sarmatians unleashed a hail storm of whistling arrows than closed to fight them with swords.