A military commander of Western Han. Since his sister became a concubine of Han Wudi Emperor, he had a chance to enter the Palace. Moreover, he was paid the attention of Wu Di Emperor and opened the way to become a military commander. When Xiongnu mounted an attack on Shanggu district in 129 BCE, Wei Qing, Gongsun Ao, Gongsun He, and Li Guang battled with 10000 cavalries in intercepting way. Only Wei Qing won the battle, killed more than 700 soldiers who guarded the Longcheng, Xiongnu Sacrificial Place, and captured the city. It was the first victory over Xiongnu. So Wei Qing was awarded a high rank and title. The next year, he killed over 1000 soldiers of Xiongnu and deserved great merit. In 127 BCE, he defeated the princes of Soufan and Baiyan tribes, killed thousands of people of Xiongnu, and took over a million livestock animals. Consequently, Xiongnu lost the Ordos and experienced a great loss. He erected a fortified wall-Shoufang in his domain and made it be a base to attack against Xiongnu. In 124 BCE, when West Tuqi wang of Xiongnu attacked the Shoufang, he was defeated by Wei Qing’s besiege. After the victory, Wei Qing became a general commander or generalissimos. In the following year, he invaded Xiongnu and killed or captured 20.000 soldiers, but his second commanders were defeated by Izhixie Chanyu of Xiongnu and Zhao Xin gave in. At the battle mounted in 119 BCE, Wei Qing commanded the main force of the army, defeated Izhixie Chanyu, and killed or captured thousands of soldiers. Nevertheless, n other famous Han commander. Li Guang committed suicide because he did not win the battle. The mass of people who blamed Wei Qing never commanded the army. Then he worked as an advisor of the Emperor and died in 106 BCE.
Wen-Cheng Di (440-465)
Real name is Touba Jun and a successor of his grandfather Touba Tao. His father is Touba Huang and his mother is a relative of Rouran Emperor. He has ascended the throne at the age of 12. He is recorded in history as he refused the strict policies and campaigns carried out by his grandfather to renew the laws and calm the people. But he continued the military and diplomatic strict policies to Rouran and High Carts-Oguz. His son, Touba Hung prince succeeded to implement his policies.
Wengedi (end of 4th c. CE)
Emperor of Rouran. Also called as Ongudai. After the death of his father Desigun, the state was disintegrated. The Eastern part was ruled by Desigun’s eldest son Pihuoba, while the Western part ruled by second son Wengedi. He managed to gain independence from Touba Wei in 376 and tried to capture the territory ruled by the previous Xiongnu together with Liu Weicheng of the South Xiongnu. In 386-395, the Tabgachi made an attack in Rouran with a big force and weakened their force. Rouran got more powerful in the period of Wengedi’s son Shelum.
Western Wei (535-556)
Firstly established as a result of the disintegration of Touba Wei. After Yuwen Tai general, killed Yuan Xiu, the last emperor of Touba Wei in 535, he let Yuan Baoju play a puppet emperor of the Western Wei. As Western Wei had a more powerful economy but less land and population than the Eastern Wei, they could protect themselves well. Furthermore, they captured some places dominated by Liang State in the south. In 557, a son of Yuwen Tai demoted the previous emperor Yuwen Jue and founded a new state named Northern Zhou.