Mongolian boots are designed to be used in a way that is uniquely adapted to the landscape of Mongolia, its weather conditions, and the shoe’s shoulders are not kicked out of the rocks. It is also believed that the air between the laces and the socks is scientifically ground to keep warm in the winter and in the summer. Shoe soles are designed to protect footwear from external influences. The soles of Mongolian shoes are leather, felt, and quilt. The backseat of the shoe is a piece of cloth that can be used to stabilize and reinforce the footwear of the shoe.
The Mongolians have long been making and wearing boots, known around the world as Mongol gutal- with their distinctive leather bootlegs, hide soles, and upturned tips attached with tanned leather. As there are about twenty different ethnic groups in Mongolia, each displaying and expressing a diverse intangible heritage through their costumes, customs and ways of life, it is obvious that the Mongolian boots will vary considerably in terms of types and designs. For instance, there are
Khalkh Mongol gutal,
Buriad gutal, Oirad
Tsarag, and Tookuu,
each of which is somewhat different in terms of its design. Mongolian boots are named for the number of the ornaments on it, starting mostly from eight and extending up to thirty-two. The upturned tips of the Mongolian boots reflect the Mongolian wish to “do no harm to nature.” The boots of kings and queens, noblemen and noblewomen, and high-ranking monks were made with beautifully stitched or embossed ornaments. The tops of the Mongolian boot stockings are traditionally made using the satin stitch. They also often make use of the chain stitch and a shagreen-welt insertion and are ornamented with figures of animals that symbolize protection and preservation.