How to Make Mongolian Saddle?
Mongolian saddle making includes the preparation of the saddle and the silver equipment and accessories that accompany it. Saddle making is an ancient tradition in Mongolia, as the petroglyph artefacts clearly show. A saddle consists of a wooden body, a cushion, baavar (silver decoration), devs (saddle flap), gölöm (sweat-flap), tokhom (sweat-cloth), olom (girth), jirem (braided strap), ganzaga (saddle strings), and iron stirrup.
The base of the Mongolian saddle is made of high-quality hard timber, but its style and shape differ according to the different breeds of horses. There are many saddle styles and designs, including Sambuu, Borjigin Sambuu, Khankhökhii, Dariganga, Dalaichoinkhor, Batnorov, and Noyon-Sevrei, to name but a few. Saddle bows are decorated with bone, silver, and metal decorations. Baavar was originally a practical item to hold the saddle strings and girth. It later became a decorative item that challenged the talents of artisans. Besides the baavar, there is another fine decoration called ganzagany süvegch or saddle strings eyelet. Double-engraved silver saddles of the Dariganga and Batnorov styles show off the saddle transmission from being a practical item to being a work of art, with the integration of all accessories. These elements unite deeply symbolic and aesthetic meanings.